Red Armys Day

Red Army and RKKA are abbreviations for "Workers' and Peasants' Red Army", the armed forces organised by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. This organisation became the army of the Soviet Union since its establishment in 1922. "Red" refers to the blood shed by the working class in its struggle against capitalism.

The Red Army was created by a decree of the Council of People's Commissars on January 15 (January 28, O.S.) 1918 from the already-existing Red Guard. The official "Red Army Day" of February 23, 1918 marks the day of the first mass draft of the Red Army in Petrograd and Moscow, and of the first combat action against the occupying imperial German army.

February 23 was an important national holiday in the Soviet Union, later celebrated as "Soviet Army Day", and it continues to be celebrated in present-day Russia as "Defenders of the Motherland Day". Leon Trotsky, the People's Commissar for War from 1918 to 1924, is generally regarded as the founder of the Red Army.

2010-01-10   4420    Печать

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